Orangutan Kalimantan - Indonesia Fauna Series


The orangutan is a great ape native to Indonesia and Malaysia. The name “orangutan” comes from the Malay words “orang” (person) and “utan” (forest), meaning “forest person.” Orangutans are the only great apes found in Asia, and they are the largest arboreal mammals in the world.

There are three species of orangutan: the Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus), the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii), and the Tapanuli orangutan (Pongo tapanuliensis). The Kalimantan orangutan is a subspecies of the Bornean orangutan.

The Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) is one of the two species of orangutans, and is native to the island of Borneo in Indonesia and Malaysia. It is the largest arboreal (tree-dwelling) mammal in the world, and is one of the most intelligent primates.

Orangutans are highly social animals, and live in groups of up to 100 individuals. They are primarily frugivores, meaning that their diet consists mainly of fruit. However, they will also eat leaves, bark, and insects.

Orangutans are an important part of the Bornean ecosystem, and play a vital role in seed dispersal. They are also a popular tourist attraction, and their presence is essential to the local economy.

Unfortunately, orangutans are critically endangered. Their main threats are habitat loss and poaching. Habitat loss is due to deforestation for logging, agriculture, and mining. Poaching is for meat, the illegal pet trade, and body parts for traditional medicine.

Conservation efforts are underway to protect orangutans and their habitat, but more needs to be done. We can all help by supporting conservation organizations, reducing our consumption of products that contribute to deforestation, and raising awareness about the plight of orangutans.

Original Papertoy : Salazad
Assembly Level : Easy

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