Kuda Lumping ( Jaran Kepang / Jathilan / Kuda Kepang) is a traditional Javanese dance originated from Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia depicting a group of horsemen. Dancers “ride” horses made from woven bamboo and decorated with colorful paints and cloth. Generally, the dance portrays troops riding horses, but another type of Kuda Lumping performance also incorporates trances and magic tricks. When the “possessed” dancer is performing the dance in trance conditions, he can display unusual abilities, such as eating glass and resistance to the effects of whipping or hot coals.
Although the dance is native to Java, Indonesia, it also performed by Javanese communities diaspora in Suriname, Malaysia and Singapore which is more commonly called as Kuda Kepang.
The Kuda Lumping is originated from the Indonesian island of Java. Two main hypotheses have been proposed. The first suggests that Kuda Lumping may have arisen out of Diponegoro’s war against the Dutch colonial forces, as a ritual reenactment of battles. While the second theory suggests that it is based on Mataram-era troops riding against the Dutch.
However, Kuda Lumping is known under different names in different areas of Indonesia. Kuda Lumping is the most common name in West Java, in Central Java it is known as Jaran Kepang or Jathilan in East Java, while in Bali, it is known as Sang Hyang Jaran. In Balinese Sanghyang dance refer to the type of dance involving trance by spirit identified as hyang.